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National Scientific Temper Day
20 August 2019

A pledge to promote scientific temper, critical thinking and plurality:

 

 

Click Here to Endorse the statement of National Scientific Temper Day from 20 August 2019

 

 

20th August was declared as National Scientific Temper Day (NSTD) at the 16th AIPSC of All India People’s Network held in Feb., 2018 in honor of Dr. Narendra Dabholkar, champion of scientific temper, who was killed in an act of premeditated murder by right-wing communal terrorist forces, on this day in 2013. Maharashtra Andhshraddha Nirmulan Samiti (MANS), the organization with which Dr. Narendra Dabholkar was associated and with which he worked till his last day, was a joint signatory with the AIPSN in giving a call to observe, 20th August as the National Scientific Temper Day

The first NSTD, i.e. 20th August 2018 was a great success, with the programme titled, “Ask: Why” being linked with it. One important development that took place in NSTD 2018 was that many people, who were otherwise not connected with the AIPSN came out very forcefully for the defense of scientific temper. It shows that the support base for science and scientific temper is very wide and the NSTD was a timely decision, which many others supported, including many scientists who gave statements in its support. This year too, with the same still relevant slogan, the AIPSN will hold the NSTD with MANS and other likeminded organizations to expand it further as a growing movement.

The killing of Dabholkar shocked the nation, but more rude shocks came when several similar murders were inflicted by the same forces over the next several years. Govind Pansare, who worked to support inter-caste marriages, lectured on the real legacy of Shivaji, and condemned the glorification of the assassin of Mahatma Gandhi, was killed in 2015. M.M.Kalburgi, a scholar who studied socio-religious reform movements of the 12th century in Karnataka and the related history of religious movements, was murdered in 2016. And Gauri Lankesh, fearless journalist and fierce critic of communal bigotry, was gunned down in 2017. Some of these murders were probably committed by the same extremist group. But the common thread definitely was the threat the extremist forces felt from these campaigners for reason and the scientific temper and against bigotry and intolerance. The murders are extremist expressions of the intolerance openly displayed by some mainstream communal forces, including persons holding high political office, targeting sometimes with violence all those who question their bigotry, communal hate campaigns, and continuous dissemination of fake news, “alternative facts” and falsified histories, including in science.

 The growth of obscurantist ideas must be resisted. Opportunities like the Annular Solar Eclipse that will be seen on 26th Dec 2019 in Southern India and on 21st June 2020 in northern India must be used to dispel superstitious beliefs. We must celebrate these solar eclipse events as a people’s festival with safe mass observation and mass dining in public areas.

The NSTD is also part of the Sabka Desh Hamara Desh movement, i.e the country is for everyone and everyone is for the country – the idea of the Unity of India which is a direct consequence of observing scientific temper in everyday life. That is, all citizens are connected and the country cannot be thought of without thinking about its citizens, neither prejudice or with favour to any group or individual. This also means equity for sharing the resources of the country as also of the globe.

This year the announcement of the draft National Education Policy 2019 (DNEP 2019) is a further blow to fostering scientific temper and the diversity of India. There many deep flaws in the draft, including centralization and its aim to impose a uniform culture, called the obscurantist “Hindi-Hindu-Hindustan” culture upon the whole country and making education part of a global industry where only privileged people will get access to quality education.

While promoting scientific temper, we note that it was a concept that emerged out of our freedom movement. India is a Union and all constituents of the union have equal rights in deciding the way the union is to progress. That is the spirit of our constitution. Unfortunately, that is being trampled upon and people of the country are being betrayed.

Developmental programmes are being formulated without significant S&T and other research inputs. Mega projects are being undertaken with no scientific inputs in the public domain. Development policies in industry and agriculture, in key infrastructure areas like energy, coal, oil and gas, power, transport and for basic needs like food, water and health are being driven by corporate interests with little concern for the poor or for the common citizen and without any public scientific debate. Environmental concerns are being systematically sidelined.

The systematic devaluation of S&T and research, and the suffocation of critical thinking in educational institutions and in society at large, will severely hamper the future of the country, especially of its youth in this knowledge era. It is necessary that the Government funding for public educational institutions and public investment on research in science and technology must be increased substantially.

We assert that promoting scientific temper, defending plurality, harmony and composite culture is a fundamental duty of all citizens, and especially of professional scientists and social scientists, as enjoined in the Directive Principles of our Constitution. The right and duty to question is basic, not only for science, but also for democracy.

Science has an important role to play today in defending democracy and the Indian Constitution. AIPSN appeals to all organizations, institutions and individuals committed to promoting scientific temper to come together for observing the National Scientific Temper Day, and working together in the days to come to defeat the ideology of communal hate politics and build an India of reason and humanity with well informed and empowered citizens.

It is essential that this onslaught on scientific temper, critical thinking and plurality, be vigorously resisted. The Ask Why campaign is to bring awareness as to why this attack is going on at an unprecedented way in the last few years and to bring about change.

I hereby endorse the statement of AIPSN released as a part of observing National Scientific Temper Day (NSTD) on 20th Aug.2019.

Total Number of endorsements till now: 464
SL.no Sender's name Affiliation
1 Aninda Chaudhuri PBVM
2 Ravi babu Y
3 GSHPVARMA Jana Vignana Vedika (AP)
4 Lilly C kssp
5 SAUGATA DAS PBVM. DAKSHIN DINAJPUR. SCHOOL TEACHER.
6 Arunabha Misra PBVM
7 Vishwanath Shirsat Advocate
8 Dr. Aparajita Basu PBVM
9 Joice k j
10 Sujatha Raghunath MEDIA
11 S. Mathiyalagan
12 PVS Sankara Rao Jana Vignana Vedika(AP) and Self Employed Printer, Vijayawada
13 K.S. Lakshmana Rao Jana Vignana Vedika(AP) and MLC, Krishna Guntur Graduate Constituency, AP
14 Vitapu Bala Subramanyam, Jana Vignana Vedika(AP) and MLC, Nellore, Prakasam, Chittoor Teacher Constituency,AP
15 S Malar Vizhi GHSS Chenbagaramanputhoor
16 Dr. Preetha V.K
17 JOYDEB CHANDRA PASCIMBANGA VIGYAN MANCHA
18 Sofia Gupta
19 Sudesh Grover Lecturer
20 Sudarshan Jagga Vigyan parsar
21 Puspak Pal PB Vigyan Manch
22 Anil g Kssp
23 Joseph GV
24 Sohan Singh RAWAT BGVS UTTARAKHAND
25 A.Suresh kumar
26 S. Rithik Kumar
27 UDAYA KUMAR P KSSP Tripunithura Ernakulam KERALA
28 Drisya
29 lionel antony raj
30 Sudha Rao Genotypic Technology
31 HARIKUMAR P R
32 Jjose.T.V Kssp
33 Aneesha
34 pappu lal sharma BGVS,Rajasthan
35 anil BGVS,Rajasthan
36 Subramani S Tamilnadu Science Forum
37 Ramachandran V
38 Prakash Parkhe Govt of Maharashtra
39 ABHILASH M
40 Dr Tapan kr Mishra PBVM
41 M.V. Madhu KSSP
42 HARIDAS.T.K CPIM
43 Jayarajan s
44 BALAKRISHNAN K KSSP
45 M P C Nambiar (Chindankutty) KSSP
46 Gopalan v v
47 Nagumothu Venugppal Rao Jana Vignana Vedika. AP
48 R. Kavitha Pnsf
49 Noufal k
50 Vinayan KSSP
51 Sajin.p Kssp
52 SHANIDA K.P
53 Chandran V K KSSP
54 Amarjith P.V.
55 KANDASWAMY
56 Ranjan Chakraborty
57 Gopinathan K
58 Jyotirmoy
59 Hamir Singh Journalist
60 Sureshbabu.c
61 Vivek Monteiro Navnirmiti
62 M. Thiyagarajan TNSF
63 sreejith
64 kamlesh khantwal BGVS Uttarakhand
65 G. RAMESHKUMAR Assistant Professor
66 Sumita Sinha Ray
67 J. Balasubramaniam Dept Of Journalism, Madurai Kamaraj University
68 Sohan Singh RAWAT Bgvs
69 Shahira TNSF
70 Swati Shirish More Navnirmiti Learning Foundation, Pune
71 Ajeesh K S
72 Suresh kp Kssp
73 prasanth R
74 Akshayjith
75 Sitabhra Sinha IMSc Chennai
76 Farhana pva
77 SAREESH MS PHARMACIST
78 HARIDAS MK Kssp
79 Thankachan VP KSSP
80 Aparna Markose KSSP
81 B Narasimha Rao TSUTF
82 pradeepdas progressive solutions
83 Ravikumar Sankranti
84 S Anil Kumar TSUTF
85 T SIVANNARAYANA Jana Vignana Vedika Telangana
86 A.Malathy TNSF
87 Sujitha M Student
88 Thilaka Teacher
89 Nisha Bgvs Punjab
90 R.Balakrishnan TNSF
91 Nisha Bgvs
92 praveen kssp
93 RAJANGAM P Secretary, TNSF Pethanaickenpalayam Branch, Salem District,Teacher,P. U. M. School, Thalavaipatty
94 MOHAMMED SAGEER A.B Kssp
95 RAJANGAM P Secretary, TNSF Pethanaickenpalayam Branch, Salem District,
96 Sumaharshan KR BEFI
97 Hareendran.k KSSP
98 Hareendran.k KSSP
99 Murugesan Citu
100 Parameswari Murugesan Teacher, TNSF
101 Muraleedharan c m Kssp
102 SURAJ P R KSSP
103 P N MANJULA VIJAYAN KSSP
104 Prabhahar TNSF-Chennimalai
105 RaveendranParambath Kssp
106 Sreeshma P
107 Suresan K KSSP
108 Sajeevan varakil Kssp
109 Pranali Thakur Mumbai University
110 Anurag mk
111 Pranali Thakur MSc physics
112 SIDIN TC Kssp
113 Soorya M S Science Teacher
114 Anna babu
115 ടhaji P. KSSP
116 Sathiamoorthy Salem District THALAIVASAL TNSF President
117 JENU KSSP
118 Nagesh S Student
119 Ranjini.P.P. KSSP
120 Sonali Agrawal NJIL&OMD
121 Dr abhilash Kssp
122 Krishnankutty
123 Jolley M Sebastian
124 M.M.Parameswaran KSSP
125 Reeteka Sud Research Coordinator
126 B LATHA
127 ABHILASH PATTAZHY Oil & Gas UAE
128 AKHIL P
129 Shiju k p
130 suresh kumar k
131 Ravi.K S KSSP
132 J. Prakash aruljose Univ
133 Pathilsingh SP SFI
134 Nijok Lajashan
135 J.A.Dominic Raj TNSF kkdist
136 Kanakarasa
137 PADMADEVAN J R TNSF
138 Unnikrishnan VK Kssp
139 Atheena Jain
140 Rajan Kssp
141 Ajitha pataril 9497626728
142 BALASUBRAHMANIAN K Kssp
143 LALITHAN.T KSSP
144 Libin Thathappilly Journalist
145 DEEPA.C Teacher
146 SREEKUMAR K. G KSSP
147 Neela
148 Mallika. K. M.
149 C K DInesan esSENSE
150 Ravi Ravi
151 Jinu Kumar v Kssp
152 Thomas K
153 Prajith Kumar IP General Insurance
154 Rishi. Saravanan TNSF
155 rajan PP kssp
156 Jassim Muhammad
157 IMA VR Yuvasamiti
158 HARIDASAN V N KSSP
159 S.K.DEV KARTHICK
160 Sasindran KSSP
161 Narayanan T V KSSP
162 Ammu m
163 Joseph John Kerala Sasthra Sahithya Parishat
164 Anil c pallickal KANFED
165 Vrinda Venu Friedrich Miescher Laboratory of the Max Planck Society, Tuebingen, Germany
166 S. Samuel Asir Raj Manonmaniam Sundaranar University
167 SIVAPRASAD PRABHAKARAN YuvakalaSahithy
168 Radhakrishnan
169 Shankar Tamil Nadu Science Forum
170 Vijayan K V AlPSN
171 JAYAMURUGAN T TamilNadu Science Forum
172 Usman karassery
173 Viswanathan T P KSSP
174 Subho guha
175 PMBalakrishnan KSSP
176 E S PRASEETHA
177 Asokan.M
178 Arun k s
179 Geeta N M KSSP
180 SWAMINATHAN E
181 JAMANU RAMA LAKSHMANA RAO jvv
182 SWAMINATHAN E KSSP
183 prasad kaithakkal KSSP
184 Dr P N Verma MP Vigyan Sabha & Professor of Physics
185 Anil MP Kssp
186 MANOJ KUMAR FKSSP
187 Sreyas Valsan KSSP
188 Dr P N Verma MP Vigyan Sabha & Professor of Physics
189 Siji Nadackal
190 Sunilraj K
191 K Thomas
192 SREERAG V S
193 Dr.T.Chandraguru Retired College Teacher
194 TK Devarajan KSSP
195 Amitabha Basu Retired Scientist, NPL-CSIR
196 Vijayam V Kssp
197 Bhuvanadas T V KSSP
198 Uttam Kumar Ray Paschimbanga Vigyan Mancha
199 A G Rajmohan Prajarogya Vedika
200 Sindhu V P KSSP
201 Jose K L
202 PREMRAJ K Kssp
203 Vinita p h Kssp
204 Murughesh v k BGVS Karnataka
205 M. RAMACHANDRAN KSSP
206 ASHOK v
207 Nirmal kumar
208 Rehan Aabid Ali Mp bgvs
209 Shashi kumar
210 Ambika.TN
211 T.Ramesh AIPSN
212 K Balagopalan KSSP
213 PAVITHRAN A KSSP
214 Akila T Mahendra College of Engineering
215 Joji Koottummel KSSP
216 K.G.HARIKRISHNAN Kssp
217 ADV.RAVIPRAKASH KSSP
218 Vyas Ponnanchery
219 Dr.viswanathan KSSP
220 Alice Jeeva PJ MG University
221 Shabanakhanam Bgvs mp
222 R.N.Syag Volunteer citizen
223 Manoj Kulkarni Janvadi Lekhak Sangh
224 R.N.Syag Volunteer citizen
225 Muraleedharan P KSSP
226 Asha Mishra BGVS
227 Ramesh. S. N Janavignana vedika(AP)
228 Rahul Shrama BGVS, MP
229 അരവിന്ദൻ സി KSTA
230 M.G.Jayasree KSSP
231 P. Vijayakumar MUTA
232 debjani sengupta IP College, Delhi University
233 Sunanda Bhattacharya
234 H Shakila Madurai Kamaraj University
235 Aeaby c d
236 Partha Das BSPS
237 I. A. Khan
238 Arun SathiBhaskar UNIVERSITY OF HYDERABAD
239 SARUNKUMAR
240 PRAVEEN MS KALA Kuwait
241 Thiyagarajan m TNSF
242 Ranjana Nirula Trade unionist
243 ANOOP N Kssp
244 GUNASEKARAN
245 V. Muraleedharan Kssp
246 ARUN MOHAN
247 DR. MAITRI BOSE (BISWAS) PASCHIM BANGA VIGYAN MANCHA
248 DR. RANJINI.M KSSP
249 Kandanv
250 Raju K Science writer in Tamil
251 Arulraj Ilangovan CITU
252 Sehba Political Activists
253 Tamil selvam Student
254 Muhammed Ruvais AM +2
255 Ashapoornima R
256 RadhakrishnanP KSSP
257 Soumen Bag Teacher
258 Adwait Pednekar Lokvidnyan Sanghatana
259 Unnikrishnan PK
260 Kirti Singh
261 Maimoona Mollah AIDWA, Delhi
262 Jose Augustine St. Albert's college (Autonomous), Ernakulam
263 Vinuraj M
264 Birat Raja Padhan BGVS,ODISHA
265 Vasanthi Nachiappan Bharathidasan University
266 Manu nv Freethinking
267 SAJIN KV KSSP
268 Subash Sreedevi KSSP
269 JOJO JOSEPH
270 Anil Sathyan IISc Bengaluru
271 Sudhir Govt. School Teacher
272 C. Theenadayalan tnsf
273 Mohammed Rafique
274 Parthasarathi Chakraborty Paschimbanga Vigyan Mancha
275 Sanjeev Thakur HGVS
276 DHARMASEKAR A Education Dept
277 Swarna
278 HELEN ANTONY
279 S.Chatterjee AIPSN
280 Mahesh Shelar
281 Veerakumar
282 Dr Y. Srinivasa Rao Bharathidasan University
283 Prashant Pimprikar
284 Mangesh Vijay Somkuwar Student
285 Mohammed Ikhbal KSSP
286 Ranjini.P.P. KSSP
287 Varsha Khanwelkar
288 Gowtham
289 Ashok Gaidhani BGVS, Nashik , Maharashtra.
290 K.K.G.Pillai KSSP
291 G.Suresh Tamilnadu science forum, Salem
292 Prof.Dr.K.Ravikumar TNSF
293 Dr Arun Nagalingam Pondicherry science forum
294 Karthikeyan Selvaraj TNSF
295 Suresh Suthari Jvv ts
296 Uma Ramachandran Breakthrough Science Society
297 Sadasivam K Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai-21
298 Ikbal k p kssp
299 Saravanan CPIM
300 Thunduparambil Mathew Antony FKSSP
301 Murali
302 Mohamed Badusha PSM
303 Vishwas Meshram Chhattisgarh vigyan sabha
304 Sharath V
305 Kannabiran Vigyan Prasar- VIPNET
306 N Gautham Retd. Professor, University of Madras
307 Ankita
308 Sanket Tambare Activist
309 Srinivasan N budding science communicator
310 Aekta Chanda
311 ARUNKUMAR All
312 Vikas Bhosale
313 Anirban Banerjee Paschimbanga Vigyan Mancha
314 VIJAYA GANESH
315 K V Prasad Jvv steel zone president
316 R.jeevanantham TNSF
317 Subhasis Biswas Paschim Banga Vigyan Mancha
318 Nihar Ranjan Mishra BGVS, Odisha
319 Anita Rampal Aipsn Bgvs
320 Rameez
321 Saravanan k TNMSRA
322 Ravivarma S Tamilnadu Science Forum
323 chittatosh karewar MANS, breakthrough science society, FIRA
324 Neeta Pradeep Koshti BGVS
325 Michael Anjello Jothi Rajan Associate Professor (Ret.)
326 Aruna Himmat, ,janwadi mahila Samiti
327 NARAYANASAMY K Sciene Teacher
328 Vivekananthan Friend
329 N.Surendar TNSF
330 Vadivel n
331 Sreesankar T P KSSP
332 Rajendrakothari Social activists
333 MJ. Prabakar Tamil Nadu Science Forum
334 Prabhjot K Sri Aurobindo Ashram
335 Joseph.P.V KSSP
336 Mukund Lal Naik Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur
337 Didar Singh Shetra Nawsnshahar
338 Karthick
339 Pugazh mani.MS
340 Mujib Kidwai
341 Rajaganapathi.SP Student
342 GUNARANJAN.SP Student
343 Themozhichelvi Tnsf
344 NAGI THIRUMALA VENKATESH JANA VIGNANA VEDIKA -AP
345 Avaya C Mohapatra Retired from NEHU, Shillong
346 Kamala menon Delhi science forum
347 RavI
348 Gowri shankar Tamilnadu Science Forum
349 Parameswari Murugesan Sri Bharathi Illam
350 Daljit Ami Film Maker and Journalist
351 Padmaja Shastri Content Shastri
352 সাধন অধিকারী
353 Aneesh Kumar
354 Aman Paschimbanga Vigyan Mancha
355 PANCHAGNULA GOPINATH
356 Ajoy Kumar Chatterjee PBVM
357 Vandana Bhagwat
358 Nageswar Rao Y S Janavignana Vedika
359 Pyare Mohan Sharms
360 Rajesh Rajan
361 Prasanthan
362 Diana Shanthi
363 Murali I P FoKSSP
364 Vijayakumarblathur KSSP
365 Sudhansu Padhi BGVS, Odisha
366 Aninda Chaudhuri PBVM
367 Radhan K KSSP
368 Ravi Kumar Janavigna vedika
369 BOLLAM AJAY KUMAR JANA VIGNANA VEDIKA
370 Subhasis Biswas Paschim Banga Vigyan Mancha
371 Rajesh Kochhar Panjab University Chandigarh
372 Ashok Chawla BGVS
373 James Scott Christian College
374 IMRAN SHAIK
375 J.A.Dominic Raj
376 Raja Sekhar JVV AP
377 R.K.Sri Ram TNSF
378 Sunil dev KSSP
379 Sourav Chatterjee PBVM
380 Subhankar Chakraborty Bharat Gyan Vigyan Samiti, Karnataka
381 mayasadhudatta Science worker/statecommitte member
382 Mridul Bose Retired Professor, Dept of Physics, Jadavpur University, Kolkata
383 NIDHI SINGH Chhattisgarh vigyan sabha
384 Thiyagarajan m
385 Dr. S.R.Sethuraman TNSF
386 Theni Sundar Tamilnadu Science Forum
387 Dr. B. Ekbal Kerala Sastra Sahithya Parishad
388 SHARUKHAN. S Student and member of YFS
389 Sujitha Student
390 Abdul jaleel
391 N Mani Tamil Nadu science forum
392 YADAGIRI
393 Indrajit Banerjee PBVM
394 Vinaya Malati Hari BGVS-AIPSN
395 M.VEERAIAH TNSF
396 Tanusree Chakrabarti Paschimbanga Vigyan Mancha
397 Satyajit Chakrabarti Paschimbanga Vigyan Mancha
398 Ganesh U
399 Dr Harikumar University of Calicut
400 Dr. Surinder Kumar Jindal BGVS, Punjab & Chandigarh
401 venkatesh mamidala
402 Kuntal Biswas MCH, Kolkata & PBVM
403 T R Govindarajan
404 K.R.Janardhanan KSSP
405 CHANDA SRINIVAS JANA VIGNANA VEDIKA
406 Pawan Pawar BGVS
407 Rajendran Teacher
408 Er A Seyad Aasif Tamil nadu science forum
409 DIPANKAR Mukherjee PBVM
410 Tapan Saha Bangiya Bijnan Parishad
411 Dr. Brijesh V K KSSP
412 Balina venkatareddy Teacher
413 Visweswaran.v Bank officer(retd)
414 Balina venkatareddy Teacher
415 Amit Ghosh
416 Basudev Dam
417 Er P Murugesa Pandian Tamil Nadu Science Forum, Hosur
418 Balbir Singh Jandu
419 Meera Bai T. K. KSSP
420 K.Malar Selvi TNSF
421 K Shanmuga Velayutham Jamal Mohamed College (Autonomous) Trichy
422 Balbir Singh Jandu
423 Mo. Pandiarajan Eden Educational Resource Center
424 SADASIBA SAHOO
425 Anup Kumar Sarkar
426 Ashok ramrao kumbhar
427 P SIVARAMAN PANCHAYAT UNION MIDDLE SCHOOL, CHITTAMPATTI, MADURAI DISTRICT
428 Anup Kumar Sarkar
429 Jagtar Singh Brar BGVS Punjab
430 Aniket Sule Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education
431 Ramesh Narayanan Assistant Professor
432 Madhanagopalan v s TNSF
433 N SHAJI KSSP
434 GSHPVARMA Jana Vignana Vedika (AP)
435 LVREDDY Jana Vignana Vedika Telangana
436 Naresh Prerna Hgvs, Haryana
437 Donbosco Medikonda Teacher
438 Neelima Deshpande
439 Dr.J.Frank Ruban Jebaraj The American College
440 PANJALA ILAIAH Teacher
441 Pyara Lal Garg
442 Santanu Datta Paschim Banga Bigyan Mancha
443 ALAVALA NAGENDER TEACHER
444 Dr. Sudesh Ghoderao National General Secretary of Federation of Indian Rationalist Associations (FIRA) and Secretary of National and International Coordination of Maharashtra Andhshraddha Nirmulan Samiti (MANS)
445 Santokh Gill BGVS
446 Geeta mahashabde Navnirmiti learning foundation
447 Debasish Pal PBVM
448 Raj Kumar Garg BGVS
449 Nama purushotham Journalist
450 Karamjit singh Bgvs punjab ,
451 Devaprakash M TNSF - Sholinganallur Area Branch - South Chennai
452 NAGESH E
453 A.N.Rao J.V.V.Telangana
454 V. Meena Assistant professor, department of Mathematics, Madurai kamaraj university constituent college, Tirumangalam
455 Satbir Nagal Haryana Vigyan Manch Rohtak
456 R Viveganandan TNSF
457 Dr C Ramakrishnan BGVS
458 Kayalvizhi
459 N C PRADHAN BGVS,ODISHA
460 Chandrasekaran TNSF
461 KANNAN
462 Pradip Kumar Mahapatra Jadavpur University, Kolkata
463 P. Rajamanickam Retired Professor SN College Madurai
464 Dr. S. Krishnaswamy Retd Senior Professor from Madurai Kamaraj University